Inquisitive by nature and cute in size, Pomeranians are a true ‘toy dog.’ Pomeranians are perky and friendly and if you are thinking about getting a puppy soon, here is everything you want to know about them, their personality and other aspects. This is a general overview of this amazing, beautiful, cuddle-friendly and fluffy breed.
Pomeranian is a toy breed and can be as high as 5 to 11 inches and weigh 1.9 to 3.5 kilogram. Rich textured coat along with a highly plumed tail makes this dog breed so adorable. They come in a wide variety of colors from orange to tan and black to red.
Pomeranian History of the Breed
Named after Pomerania, a region in Central Europe, this breed of dog is also called Pom or Pom Pom. The forerunners of this amazingly cute breed of dog were large working dogs from the Arctic regions. These large dogs get referred to as Wolfspitz or Spitz type. So, Pomeranians get considered to be descended from German Spitz.
In the 1800s, the dogs were a bit larger and were a favorite of Germany’s Queen Victoria. She ran some of the first breeding programs because of which the size of the dogs was bred down to a toy dog using her dogs. She was completely in love with this breed of dog. She used to import smaller Pomeranians of different colors from across European countries.
Pomeranian Personality and Temperament
Pomeranian is a very playful and energetic dog who does not seem to worry about his small stature. They often tackle larger dogs or threaten them verbally (not to overemphasize anything). In an attempt to prove their worth, they can be very aggressive to other dogs.
Even an insignificant change in environment alerts Pom Pom, and they are known to bark at new stimuli. This tendency of barking at anything unusual can further develop into an excessive habit of barking in any situation no matter what. Poms are also very defensive of their territory. This friendly dog is known for being a loyal companion. He loves being around his owners and becomes very protective of them. Being one of the intelligent breeds, he is perfect for human companionship. The primary reason they are so popular among the masses is their constant desire to please their masters.
Pomeranian Exercise Needs
Though Pomeranians are small and lightweight, they need regular exercise and respond well to training. Two walks per day at a brisk pace for the duration of at least 20 minutes would be best for Pom Pom. Pomeranians are small in size, and so they are very active. This means they can be exercised in the house. A good game of ‘chase the ball’ is more than enough for this small, little toy dog.
Pomeranian Suitability as a Family Pet
Pomeranians are well-suited for human companionship because they are usually easy to keep. Though some of the dogs can be finicky eaters, Pomeranians do not tend towards obesity. They require regular grooming attention in one or two weeks because of their double, fluffy coat. The need to groom may increase during the shedding season.
Poms are also brilliant as a watchdog because of their alert attitude. They have a tendency to start barking whenever they sense something unusual. Thus, their alertness and cute, small size make them great companions for elderly folks.
Pomeranian Known Health Issues
Life expectancy of a Pomeranian is twelve to sixteen years. If you keep the dog trim and fit, he will come out to be a very sturdy dog. Proper diet and appropriate exercises will keep him active all throughout his life. However, this breed of dog tends to have some of the health issues similar to other dog breeds as well. In case, owners don’t give proper attention to grooming, teeth, ear, and eye cleaning, they can develop health concerns relating to them. Early tooth loss is very common in Pomeranian, so it is highly recommended that you feed them on dry food.
Luxating patella and tracheal collapse are other common health issues in Poms. Alopecia X (hair loss) is a rare but possible problem in Pomeranian breed. A genetic ‘black skin disease’ can also cause Poms to lose most or all of their hair and his skin also turns black in this disease.
This small yet bold dog makes an ideal companion for city dwellers and the elderly. As long as they are properly groomed and have regular exercise they will be happy and healthy.